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Most of the time, hallux valgus deformity is accompanied by soft tissue enlargement consisting of a fluid-filled sac (called a bursa) under the skin. You may also have heard the Latin term hallux rigidus,” which is a completely different foot condition, that of having a big toe that is stiff with a very limited range of motion. If you notice that your big toe isn’t straight and that it is bending toward the toe next to it, this is something that you must not ignore or assume that your big toe will straighten out on its own.
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Associated deformities may include second digit hammertoes and flexible or rigid flat foot. Instability of the second digit may allow a more rapid progression of hallux valgus, as it is unable to act as an adequate lateral buttress. If surgery it to be contemplated it is imperative that peripheral blood flow be adequate for healing. Understand that bunions are progressive and that non-surgical treatments alleviate symptoms but do not limit progression. The most important indication for surgery is pain, not deformity, although there will often be concern about the appearance of the deformed joint. It is usually a combination of bone and soft tissue surgery.
They can also develop as a result of injury, inherited structural defects, stress on your foot or another medical condition. Symptoms may include pain and soreness over the bump, redness from rubbing against the shoe, a burning sensation or possibly numbness. Other conditions which may appear with bunions include calluses on the big toe, sores between the toes, ingrown toenail, and restricted motion of the toe. Symptoms often occur when Diabetic Foot wearing shoes with a tight or narrow toe box (the front of the shoe) or high heels. The first step to relieve pain and lessen the progression of bunions is a change of foot wear. A pad or cushion over the bunion may relieve rubbing if the shoe is wide enough to accommodate the padding. The 3pp Bunion-Aider is recommended for nighttime wear to hold the toe in proper alignment. Surgery is usually recommended as the first measure.